Mold Removal Miami FL

Mold Removal Miami FL

Union Restoration provides state-of-the-industry mold remediation, sanitizing, and disinfecting.

When you have a mold problem, trust the Union Restoration experts to address your situation quickly, professionally, and completely. We guarantee every project, and our trained experts make certain your problem disappears for good.

If you have a mold problem in your home or business, time is of the essence. With every day that goes by, your family, guests, or staff could be exposed to dangerous toxic conditions, possibly resulting in chronic health issues. As soon as mold is discovered, it should be eliminated by a professional mold remediation service. It can spread and grow quickly, and the sooner the remediation process is begun, the sooner your home or business can return to normal. Many surfaces need to be wholly replaced once infested with mold, so prompt action helps minimize damage and restoration costs.

How Dangerous Is Mold?

Mold is certainly unsightly and unacceptable in the context of aesthetics and appearance. But how dangerous is it? Is it essentially cosmetic? How bad does it get if you let it go for a while? After all, you and the rest of the occupants of your home or business might feel fine, so maybe it’s not that big of a problem.

People with allergies are usually more sensitive to molds, and people with underlying lung disease or immune suppression conditions are more susceptible to fungal infections. Upon exposure, anyone with respiratory disease, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder or asthma, may experience difficulty breathing. People with immune suppression are at increased risk for infection. One thing is certain; mold exposure isn’t healthy for anyone. Depending on a person’s general health, underlying conditions, and sensitivity to respiratory irritation, symptoms may range from nothing at all, to mild airway discomfort, to hospitalization with respiratory failure.

Studies from the World Health Organization have suggested a possible link between early mold exposure and asthma development in some children. This is particularly true among children who may be already genetically susceptible to asthma. In the opening remarks of the WHO’s 2009 report, “WHO Guidelines For Indoor Air Quality – Dampness And Mould,” they state the following:

“Microbial pollution is a key element of indoor air pollution. It is caused by hundreds of bacteria and fungi species, particularly filamentous fungi (mold), growing indoors when sufficient moisture is available. This document provides a comprehensive review of the scientific evidence on health problems associated with building moisture and biological agents. The review concludes that the most important effects are increased respiratory symptoms, allergies, asthma, and perturbation of the immunological system. The document also summarizes the available information on the conditions that determine the presence of mold and measures to control their growth indoors. WHO guidelines for protecting public health are formulated on the basis of the review. The most important means for avoiding adverse health effects is the prevention (or minimization) of persistent dampness and microbial growth on interior surfaces and in building structures.”

From a health and safety perspective, since there’s no way of knowing in advance how badly someone might react, removal and mitigation is the best, most sensible course of action. It isn’t just a cosmetic issue; it’s a matter of good health and preventive measures.

Causes Of Mold Infestation

Mold spores are found everywhere, floating freely in the air. They can attach themselves to any surface and enter a building through doors, windows, vents, or gaps in the structure. They can be brought in on clothing, pets, or carried objects. There is always a little bit of mold in any environment.

Moisture causes spores to grow into a mold, making moisture the primary cause of mold infestation. Sometimes the source is obvious, such as flood damage or constant condensation around windows and doors. High humidity can also encourage mold growth, particularly if moisture is allowed to collect in concentrated areas. Even if you are in a dry climate, artificial humidity in an area that is not properly ventilated can bring about a mold problem. This is particularly true in bathroom and kitchen areas, where high humidity levels are a daily occurrence.

Mold can grow on nearly any surface. It can appear in porous material such as drapery fabric, carpet, and upholstery. It can grow in fiberglass or blown insulation inside of walls and ceilings. Drywall or stucco can also be affected, as can wood, concrete, brick, and wallpaper. But even completely smooth, hard surfaces can support mold growth. It can be found on window glass, granite and marble countertops, wall tile, hardwood or synthetic flooring material, and bathroom mirrors.

How Can I Tell If I Have A Mold Problem?

The first and easiest way to detect mold is by direct observation. If you can see mold, it might be the “tip of the iceberg.” Look for small spots on hard surfaces like window glass or the typical darkened caulking around tubs, showers, and sinks. Upon closer inspection, a water stain on a wall might appear slightly fuzzy or bubbly in texture. Softer surfaces are usually better at hiding visible mold, but ceiling tiles, such as the type used in office “drop ceilings,” make it easier. The unexplained discoloration is a possible indicator, as is crumbling tile material.

Sometimes you can smell mold before you can see it. The smell has been described as musty, earthy, rotting, or just vaguely “organic.” It will be a new smell that doesn’t belong in your familiar surroundings. If there is a noticeable musty smell, the mold has probably spread to a larger area than is visible. If there is a certain room or area that doesn’t get much traffic, it can grow mold long before anyone notices a smell. An occasional walk through a seldom-visited basement or storage area might reveal mold smells.

If you can’t see it or smell it, there are other methods of detection available. Using a hygrometer, we measure the relative humidity in the air of your home or business. If it registers as unusually high in a certain area of your home or business, this may indicate a hidden water leak.  A moisture meter is used directly and within household materials and surfaces, such as wood, drywall, and fabric. This lets us determine if there is abnormally high moisture content. We use a particle counter to detect not only mold particles but also other pollutants, giving you an accurate evaluation of your overall air quality. Finally, we use remote video cameras to inspect behind walls, inside ceilings, and below floors, to locate problem areas and water sources.

Hidden Hazards

The most potentially dangerous mold outbreaks are the ones that can’t be seen. Once mold establishes itself in hidden locations, it can spread throughout larger areas. If you have had a plumbing repair that involved a leak that went on for more than a day or two, you almost certainly have mold behind a wall, under a floor, or inside a ceiling. A temporary, one-time spill is not normally a problem, especially if the water is immediately cleaned up and the area is dried.

A plumbing leak inside a wall might produce no visible evidence of mold at all yet cover the entire inner surface of the drywall. Insulation materials are excellent at trapping and holding water, providing an ideal environment for rapid growth. Insulation is also very slow to dry out on its own, and without aggressive ventilation and air movement, it can take weeks to dry, even if the leak has been repaired.

Even a small drip can support a large mold colony, once established in a hidden location. A small leak can raise the humidity inside a wall or ceiling permanently since there is no ventilation. This is especially true when the moisture starts in an upper floor and travels downward through the building’s wood framing.

Mold Types

There are twelve different mold types common to indoor environments:

  • 1. Acremonium - a toxigenic mold type that changes appearance over time. It starts as a moist substance, which then turns fine and powdery. It is often pink, orange, grey, or white. Acremonium typically grows in humidifiers, air conditioning cooling coils, drain pans for condensation, and around windows. Acremonium sometimes grows alongside other types of mold. It can lead to disease in the bone marrow, immune system, and other organs. It is a carcinogen and can affect brain function.
  • 2. Alternaria is the world’s most common form of allergenic mold. It is fuzzy textured, like velvet, with dark brown or green filaments. It usually grows in damp locations such as showers, bathtubs, and below leaking sinks. It also commonly appears as a result of water damage. Being allergenic, alternaria causes asthma-like symptoms in the nose, mouth, and upper respiratory tract. It spreads quickly, and it is therefore important to remediate immediately upon discovering it.
  • 3. Aspergillus is another common mold found in many American households. Its structure can form long, thick chains of growth. There are over 185 species of aspergillus mold, and it can appear in many different colors. It is an allergenic mold and capable of becoming toxic, depending on the species and environmental factors. Aspergillus can cause asthma attacks, lung infections, and respiratory inflammation. Certain aspergillus species can produce aflatoxins, which are carcinogenic.
  • 4. Aureobasidium is an allergenic mold that can be found growing on painted wood surfaces or behind wallpaper. In its early stages, it is usually pink, turning darker as it ages. Aureobasidium can cause eye infections, as well as skin and nail infections. It should never come into contact with bare skin.
  • 5. Chaetomium is commonly found in water-damaged buildings. It has a cottony texture and starts as white or grey, turning black over time. It is usually found in a damp or leaking roof, basement, or sink, characterized by its especially musty odor. Like aureobasidium, chaetomium mold causes skin and nail infections. It can sometimes produce mycotoxins, which is the characteristic of so-called “black mold.”
  • 6. Cladosporium is another allergenic mold. It can grow in both warm and cold conditions and is often found in fabrics, upholsteries, and carpets. It can also be found under floorboards and inside cupboards. Cladosporium has a short fuzzy texture and is olive green or brown colored. It can cause allergic reactions in the eyes, nose, throat, and skin. Like aureobasidium, it should not come in contact with bare skin.
  • 7. Fusarium is another mold capable of growing and spreading at colder temperatures. It grows in homes with water damage and is both allergenic and toxigenic. It is most often found growing in carpeting, wallpaper, drapery, and other fabrics. Fusarium mold is usually pink, white, or reddish in color and grows naturally on foods. Exposure can cause skin infections, sore throat, running nose, sneezing, itchy eyes, and dermatitis. Prolonged exposure can cause severe and life-threatening conditions such as bone infections, brain abscess, or hemorrhages. Fusarium spreads quickly throughout a living space. If found in one area, it is likely to be found in nearby rooms.
  • 8. Mucor is an allergenic mold that usually grows in thick, greyish-white, fuzzy patches. It grows near air conditioning, HVAC systems and ductwork, due to moisture from condensation. Damp carpets can also grow mucor spores. It causes a variety of health problems, especially in the respiratory system. It can also trigger asthma or worsen existing asthma conditions. In very severe cases, prolonged exposure to mucor can cause mucormycosis, a fungal infection that can damage the sinuses, lungs, and brain. It can also infect the nose and eyes and eventually become systemic in the blood, digestion, or renal systems. As one of the most dangerous mold types, it should only be addressed by professional mold remediation personnel.
  • 9. Penicillin has a characteristic blue or green colored surface with a velvety texture. It is used in important, lifesaving antibiotic production and certain kinds of food processing. Unfortunately, it is also an allergenic form of mold and can cause severe respiratory conditions when it grows indoors. Penicillin spores can easily travel throughout a living or workspace and can be inhaled by occupants, including pets and children. Penicillin exposure can cause pulmonary inflammation and asthma, and with prolonged exposure, can lead to chronic sinusitis. People with immune disorders should not be exposed to penicillin since it can worsen symptoms and lead to further health complications.
  • 10. Stachybotrys is also known as the infamous “black mold” and is the only mold type that is truly classified as such. It is both toxigenic type and allergenic. Stachybotrys has a damp, slimy texture and is dark green or black in color. It thrives in damp areas with constant high humidity levels. Stachybotrys was the first mold to be called “toxic mold” because it produces dangerous mycotoxins. Exposure symptoms include difficulty breathing, fatigue, burning sensations in the airways, a tightening in the chest, persistent cough, nose bleeds, fever, painful headaches, and even depression. Stachybotrys has been linked to neurological problems in children and pulmonary bleeding in infants. If you have “black mold” in a home with children, immediate remediation is critical.
  • 11. Trichoderma is an allergenic mold with five different subspecies. Its colonies grow rapidly as green and white wooly-textured clusters and then become more compact over time. It commonly grows on wet surfaces, including wallpaper, carpet, and other damp fabrics. It thrives in continuously damp areas and may also be found in air conditioning filters and HVAC system ducts with too much condensation. Most trichoderma molds are non-pathogenic, but a few have been linked to pulmonary and liver infections. If it evolves into producing mycotoxins, trichoderma becomes very similar to stachybotrys (“black mold”). It is also extremely damaging to building materials, as it contains an enzyme that destroys wood, paper, and textile products.
  • 12. Ulocladium is another slimy black mold and is typically found in homes and buildings that have experienced extreme water damage. It can be found in kitchens, bathrooms, damp basements, and sometimes around windows with high condensation levels. Ulocladium may grow in conjunction with stachybotrys (“black mold”), fusarium, and chaetomium. When exposed to ulocladium, people with a predisposition to allergies or immune disorders may experience respiratory reactions, such as asthma-like symptoms and difficulty breathing.

Certain molds are toxigenic, which simply means they can produce mycotoxins. But not all molds produce mycotoxins, and even those that are able to produce them will only do so if the growing surface and environmental conditions are conducive. If a mold is black, it is not necessarily “black mold.”

There’s a lot to know about and learn about different types of mold, how to identify them, and their potential health hazards. It’s a lot to take in, and it is always best to contact a professional when it comes to mold remediation. Mold infestation can be a serious health concern, and the average home or business owner cannot and should not attempt to handle it alone.


2243 Pembroke Road, Hollywood, FL 33020


Broward: 954 (239-7277)

Dade: 305 (239-8788)

Palm Beach: 561 (404-4465)


Trained professionals have the knowledge, tools, and experience to safely and effectively get rid of mold in your living or workspace and take appropriate actions to ensure the problem does not come back.

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